Random shutdown in windows 10 devices is a very annoying and intimidating problem that might happen due to issues in software or hardware. You would also have to deal this threat sometimes but if this is taking place on a constant basis, then you need to be very cautious here. Many Windows 10 users have reported that when they were using Win 7 or Win 8/8.1, there was no such problem, but the moment they upgraded the OS to the latest version which is Win 10, they began to face the situation where their device automatically shuts down. They also described that this issue is occurring frequently on their Windows 10 devices.
There might be various causes behind this issue; some of them are as follows:
- Computer Malware or virus
Your system might be infected with a cyber-infection or virus that would have been designed in such a manner that it is able to shut down your device under some specific circumstances. If the PC automatically shuts down while opening an application on the certain times of the day, then there is a high possibility that the app is infected. In such situation, you need to use a genuine anti-malware tool like Reimage that is capable of detecting and eliminating hazardous parasites and other similar stuffs from the machine and keeping it away from further malware attacks.
- There might be some issue with hardware
A corrupt or damaged hardware tool in your system may also lead to randomly shutting down windows 10 devices. In case, this issue is happening just after connecting a new hardware component, then first of all, remove the tool and then check whether the problem is resolved or not. However, if you not added any hardware component in recent time, then you better remove all the non-vital tools like modem, network card and so on. This might help you to get rid of the problem.
- Operating System related issues
Having a problem in OS is also a prime reason behind this issue and to see if this is the main culprit, you need to go through the following steps:
- Reboot the device and when the PC is starting-up, enter CMOS setup
- Once the system is loaded in CMOS setup, let it stay here and even if the PC doesn’t shut down after staying for few moment in CMOS, then there is possibility that your OS installation might be shady.
Whatever the reason might be behind windows 10 shutting down automatically problem, we provide some easy and helpful methods to fix the issue. One of these solutions will definitely help you to get rid of the problem; you should apply one at a time and check if the issue is resolved.
Solution 1- Pluck advanced power settings
Random shutdowns in windows 10 PCs might be an effect of problems related to power settings. Here are some tweaks for advanced power settings that should be tried only after having administrative permissions.
- Open Power Settings by right-clicking on Start
- Choose your default power plan and then tap upon the “Change plan settings”.
- Click ”Change advanced power settings”
- Now, navigate to Processor power management
- Within the “Minimum processor state”, change the value from 100 to 0
- Navigate to Hard Disk > “Turn off hard disk after” and decrease the value until it displays Never.
Note: No matter you are ‘on battery’ or ‘plugged in’ for laptops, it goes in both conditions.
- Save modifications and exit.
Solution 2- Check GPU drivers
Here, you need to check your GPU drivers that usually cause frequent shutdowns and BSOD (Blue Screen of Death) issues. For this, you need the latest drivers provided by the official maker.
- Right-click on Start and run Device Manager.
- Look for Display adapters.
- Right-click on your GPU and open Properties
- Open HardwareId and copy the first line to your clipboard in the Details
- Now, go to Drivers tab and Uninstall driver.
- Here, paste the first line and search. The exact name and information about the GPU you are using will appear.
- Navigate to an authorized drivers provider site and download up-to-date and appropriate drivers.
- Install drivers and restart the system.
In case you are using AMD/nVidia (dedicated) and dual-GPU with Intel (integrated) graphic cards, you need to update both the drivers.
Solution 3- Update BIOS
BIOS updating can also help you in getting rid of random shutdown in windows 10 PC issue. However, it’s a difficult task for beginners and can cause additional problems if hasn’t done properly. Motherboards that have been manufactured in recent times provide a special update tool included in BIOS settings. And hence, if you have a new motherboard, it will be much easier for you to update the BIOS.
In case, you have an old motherboard, then you need to gather proper details about the procedure because it’s a much tougher job. Additionally, don’t update the motherboard; it is already up to date.
Solution 4- Fast Startup should be turned off
Fast Startup is a newly included feature by Microsoft that can be responsible for such issues. However, you can disable it. Just follow the below steps:
- Right-click on Start and run power Options
- Click on “Choose what the power buttons does”
- Tap upon “Change settings that are currently unavailable”
- Within the Shutdown settings, uncheck the “‘Turn on fast startup (recommended)”
- Click OK
Solution 5- Disable the Sleep mode
Many users have reported that while putting the device in sleep mode, instead of normal sleep, PC completely turned off. This might be the cause for you too, so, you need to disable sleep mode. For this, follow the steps given below:
- Go to Start
- Tap upon Settings
- Open System
- Set both Sleep and Screen to ”Never”
Solution 6- Check HDD condition
Having issue with your HDD may also cause random shutdown in windows 10 devices and other vicious difficulties. The system may not start properly and will face regular shutdowns problems. For this, you can use the in-built tool or you can also use third-party tools and do the process. For the beginners, it is recommended to go with the built-in device by following the below steps:
- Right-click on Start and run Command Prompt (Admin)
- Type in wmic diskdrive get status in the command line and then hit Enter button
- If provoked with ‘OK’ for each partition, that means your hard disk is healthy
- However, if you see, ‘Caution’, ‘Bad’, or ‘Unknown’, that means your hard drive has some problems
Solution 7- Check CPU temperature
Many laptops go shut down due to overheat in their CPU or GPU. Additionally, the motherboard is also programmed in a way that it will lead the PC to shut down to avert severe injury to the CPU. Various laptops lack a suitable cooling system for exhaustive gaming. Check your PC temperature by just calmly touching backside of the device or use third-party tools for this. In case the temperature is terrifyingly high, you should try to lower it immediately.
- Use the cooling pad of to lessen the heating.
- Clean CPU cooler on a desktop and fan inlet on laptops.
- Alter overclock settings to default.
- Alter thermal paste.
After following and applying these steps one or more, you will definitely get rid of random shutdown in windows 10 device issue. Moreover, if you want your PC to work much faster and more efficient than before, we recommend using powerful Reimage system optimization tool. This application is capable of removing all the junk files, malware infections and other malicious stuffs from the device and enhancing its overall performance.